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Alexander B. Morgan, Ph.D.

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Room N3650

1700 South Patterson Blvd.

Dayton, OH 45469-0170

 

937-229-3079
937-229-3433 (fax)

 

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Energy Technologies and Materials Divsion

Flame Retardant Research and Materials Fire Testing




Distinguished Research Scientist
Group Leader, Applied Combustion and Energy Group

 

Dr. Morgan has over 22 years of experience in the area of fire safety science including materials flammability, polymeric material flame retardancy, fire science, fire testing, and fire safety engineering. Dr. Morgan’s expertise has an emphasis on chemical structure property relationships and fire safe material design. He has helped academic, government, and industrial customers solve their flame retardant and fire safety needs in a wide range of applications. Dr. Morgan is on the editorial review boards for Fire and Materials, the open access journal Polymers, and is the Editor-In-Chief for the Journal of Fire Science. Dr. Morgan is a member of ASTM, Sigma Xi, the American Chemical Society, and the International Association of Fire Safety Scientists.

Research Areas

  • New Flame Retardant Technology for Polyurethane Foam / Furniture
  • New Flame Retardant Technology with Reduced Environmental Impact
  • Fire Safe Material Implementation and Engineering
  • Fire Testing Method Development
  • Waste-To-Energy Pyrolysis and Combustion Science
  • Thermal Degradation and Stability Behavior of Materials
  • Renewable Energy for Remote Locations

Skills and Experience

  • Extensive experience and expertise with relating real world regulations to commercial product design while considering product cost, balance of properties, and environmental impact
  • Extensive experience with project management, program budgets/budgeting, and leading technical work on commercialization projects as well as basic research programs
  • Extensive experience and expertise of halogenated and non-halogenated flame retardant systems in a wide range of polymers; 22 years of work in the flame retardant field with extensive contacts across the entire field including academia, government, and industry
  • Experience and extensive knowledge on polymer nanocomposites, including synthetic knowledge, structure-property relationships, and characterization techniques. 13 years of work in this field with extensive contacts across the entire field. Includes experience with clays, nanotubes, nanofibers, colloidal silicas and many other nanofillers. Also includes extensive experience in nanofiller and polymer interface science
  • Experience and knowledge of chemical and polymer characterization techniques, such as TEM (sample preparation and analysis), XRD, UV/Vis/NIR, FTIR, NMR, GC, GPC, TGA, TMA, and DSC
  • Extensive knowledge and strong expertise of polymer flammability and fire safety engineering of materials in multiple applications. This includes experience and knowledge of many ASTM and ISO regulatory and scientific flammability tests, as well as NFPA, IEC and Mil-STD tests. Strong expertise with the cone calorimeter, including data analysis, experimental design, and correlation between test methods
  • Strongly proficient with compounding of polymer additives, including use of thermoplastic polymer instruments, specifically blender mixing heads, twin screw extruders, compression molders, and injection molding machines. Also have thermoset polymer experience and knowledge including composite fabrication
  • Strongly proficient and experienced with writing research reports, original proposals, patent disclosures, research grant proposals, and scientific publications. Over 140 total publications to date

Education

  • Ph.D., Chemistry, University of South Carolina, 1998
  • B.S., Chemistry, Virginia Military Institute, 1994

Selected Publications

  • “Carbon Nanotube Multilayer Nanocoatings Prevent Flame Spread on Flexible Polyurethane Foam” Holder, K. M.; Cain, A. A.; Plummer, M. G.; Stevens, B. E.; Odenborg, P. K.; Morgan, A. B.; Grunlan J. G. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/mame.201500327
  • “Effects of Laundering on Military Uniform Fabric Flammability” Morgan, A. B.; Yip, P. W. Fire Mater. 2015, DOI: 10.1002/fam.2313
  • “Synthesis and flammability testing of epoxy functionalized phosphorus-based flame retardants” Benin, V.; Cui, X.; Morgan, A. B.; Seiwert, K. J. App. Polym. Sci. 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42296
  • “Flame Retardants:  Overview” Morgan, A. B.; Worku, A. Z. Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology John Wiley & Sons, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/0471238961
  • “Apparatus for the Vertical Orientation Cone Calorimeter Testing of Flexible Polyurethane Foams” Galaska, M. L.; Morgan, A. B.; Schenck, K. A.; Stalter, J. G. Fire Mater. 2015, 40, 158-176.  
  • “Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook” Morgan, A. B.; Wilkie, C. A. Eds. ISBN 978-1-118-68624-9, Scrivener Publishing LLC, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
  • Rectenwald, M. F.; Gaffen, J. R.; Rheingold, A. L.; Morgan, A. B.; Protasiewicz, J. D. “Phosphoryl-Rich Flame retardant ions (FRIONs):  Toward Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries” Angewandte Chemie 2014, 53, 4173-4176.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Toubia, E. “Cone Calorimeter and Room Corner Fire Testing of Balsa Wood Core / Phenolic Composites Skin Sandwich Panels” J. Fire Sci. 2014, 32, 327 – 344 DOI: 10.1177/0734904113514944 
  • Benin V.; Gardelle B.; Morgan A.B. “Heat Release of Polyurethanes Containing Potential Flame Retardants based on Boron and Phosphorus Chemistries” Polymer Degrad. Stab. 2014, 106, 108-121. doi: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.09.004.
  • Morgan, A. B. “Flame Retardant Design for the Future” Materials China 2013, 32, 129-136.  
  • Morgan, A. B “Current Trends in Flame Retardants for Thermoplastics – Part III” http://www.plasticstrends.net/index.php/component/content/article/1-this-month/348-current-trends-in-flame-retardants-for-thermoplastics-part-iii 
  • Morgan, A. B “Current Trends in Flame Retardants for Thermoplastics – Part II” http://www.plasticstrends.net/index.php/component/content/article/1-this-month/347-current-trends-in-flame-retardants-for-thermoplastics-part-ii 
  • Laufer, G.; Kirkland, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Grunlan, J. "Exceptionally flame retardant sulfur-based multilayer nanocoating for polyurethane prepared from aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions" ACS Macro Lett. 2013, 2, 361-365.  dx.doi.org/10.1021/mz400105e  
  • Morgan, A. B “Current Trends in Flame Retardants for Thermoplastics – Part I” http://www.plasticstrends.net/index.php/component/content/article/1-this-month/342-current-trends-in-flame-retardants-for-thermoplastics-part-i Published online 02/25/13.  
  • Laufer, G.; Kirkland, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Grunlan, J. C. “Intumescent Mulitlayer Nanocoating, Made with Renewable Polyelectrolytes, for Flame-Retardant Cotton” Biomacromolecules 2012, 13, 2843-2848.  
  • “Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science” ACS Symposium Series # 1118, Morgan, A. B.; Wilkie, C. A.; Nelson, G. L. Eds. ISBN13: 9780841227804  DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1118
  • “Why Flame Retardants Are Used:  Insight from a Flame Retardant Chemist” Morgan, A. B. Fire Safety Science News – March 2013, Newsletter No 34.  http://www.iafss.org/fire-safety-science-news-34-march-2013
  • Diallo, A-O.; Morgan, A. B.; Len, C.; Marlair, G. “An innovative experimental approach aiming to understand and quantify the actual fire hazards of ionic liquids” Energy Environ. Sci. 2013, 6, 699-710.  DOI:10.1039/C2EE23926D
  • Felix, T.; Junior, O. P. P.; Peres, A.; Sayer, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Araújo, P. H. H. “Comparison of Bismuth Trioxide and Antimony Trioxide as Synergists with Decabromodiphenyl Ether in Flame Retardancy of High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)” J. Fire Sci. 2013, 30, 566-574.
  • Morgan, A. B. “Milligram Scale Flammability Testing of Flame Retardant Polyurethane Foams: Development of Screening Criteria and Technique Limitations” ACS Symposium Series “Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science” Eds. Morgan, A. B.; Wilkie, C. A. Nelson, G. L. Chapter 28, pp 445-458 DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1118.ch028
  • Morgan, A. B. “Flame retardant textile reinforced composites” Chapter 23 in “Handbook of Fire Resistant Textiles” Ed. Kilinc, F. S. Woodhead Publishing, Philadelphia, PA 2013, ISBN 978-0-85709-123-9 pp623-647.
  • Diallo, A. O.; Len, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Marlair, G. “Revisiting Phys.-Chem. Related Safety Issues of Ionic Liquids” Journal of Separation and Purification Technology 2012, 97, 228-234 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2012.02.016
  • Ivan, N.; Benin, V.; Morgan, A. B. “Preparation of Phosphonoterphthalic Acids via Palladium-Catalyzed Coupling of Aromatic Iodoesters” Synthetic Communications 2013, 43, 1831-1836.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00397911.2012.673448 
  • Benin, V.; Durganala, S.; Morgan, A. B. “Synthesis and Flame Retardant Testing of New Boronated and Phosphonated Aromatic Compounds” J. Mater. Chem. 2012, 22, 1180-1190.
  • Li, Y-C.; Mannen, S.; Yang, Y-H.; Morgan, A. B.; Grunlan, J. C. “Anti-Flammable Intumescent Nanocoatings on Fabric” Advanced Materials 2011, 23, 3926-3931.
  • Nakamura, R.; Netravali, A. N.; Morgan, A. B.; Nyden, M. R.; Gilman, J. W.  “Effect of Halloysite Nanotubes on Mechanical Properties and Flammability of Soy Protein based Green Composites” Fire and Materials 2013, 37, 75-90.
  • Morgan, A. B.; Putthanarat, S. “Use of Inorganic Materials to Enhance Thermal Stability and Flammability Behavior of a Polyimide” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 2011, 96, 23-32.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Gilman, J. W. “An Overview of Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials:  Application, Technology and Future Direction” Fire and Materials 2013, 37, 259-279.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Liu, W. “Flammability of Thermoplastic Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2011, 35, 43-60.  
  • Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, 2nd Edition. Eds. Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan A. B.  December 2009 (2010 publishing date), Taylor and Francis. Boca Raton, FL ISBN 978-1-4200-8399-6.
  • Chen, C.; Morgan, A. B. “Mild Processing and Characterization of Silica Epoxy Hybrid Nanocomposite” Polymer 2009, 50, 6265-6273.  
  • Higginbotham, A.; Lomeda, J.; Morgan, A. B.; Tour J. T. “Graphite Oxide Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2009, 1, 2256-2261.  
  • Hirschler, M. M.; Morgan, A. B. “Thermal Decomposition of Polymers” in “Society for Fire Protection Engineering Handbook” Eds. DiNenno, P. J.; Drysdale, D. D.; Beyler, C. L.; Walton, W. D.; Custer, R. L. P.; Hall, J. R.; Watts, J. M.  National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 2008, ISBN 978-0-87765-821-4.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Wolf, J. D.; Guliants, E. A.; Fernando, K. A. S.; Lewis, W. K. “Heat Release Measurements on Micron and Nano-scale Aluminum Powders” Thermochimica Acta 2009, 488, 1-9.  
  • ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy.  Eds. Nelson, G. L.; Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan A. B.  2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328.  ISBN 978-0-8412-6988-0
  • Morgan, A. B. “A Review of Transition Metal-Based Flame Retardants:  Transition Metal Oxide/Salts, and Complexes” in ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy.  Eds. Nelson, G. L.; Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan A. B.  2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Gagliardi, N. A.; Price, W. A.; Galaska, M. L. “Cone Calorimeter Testing of S2 Glass Reinforced Polymer Composites” Fire Mater. 2009, 33, 323-344.  
  • Sukh, S.; Moshan, K.; Morgan, A.; Araceli, G.; Gomez-Rico, M F. “Use of Cone Calorimeter to Estimate Organic Pollutant Emissions from Outdoor Wood Burning Boilers” Organohalogen Compounds 2008, 70, 493-496.  
  • Fox, D. M.; Gilman, J. W.; Morgan, A. B.; Shields, J. R.; Maupin, P. H.; Lyon, R. E.; De Long, H. C.; Trulove, P. C. “Flammability and Thermal Analysis Characterization of Imadazolium-Based Ionic Liquids” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2008, 47, 6327-6332.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Galaska, M. L. ”Microcombustion calorimetry as a tool for screening flame retardancy in epoxy” Polymers for Advanced Technology 2008, 19, 530-546.  
  • “The Use of Nanotechnology for Fire Safety:  Current State of the Art, Possible Problems, and New Opportunities” Morgan, A. B. Nanotechnology Law and Business 2007, 4, issue 3 http://www.nanolabweb.com/  
  • “Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites” Edited by Alexander B. Morgan and Charles A. Wilkie.  Book published by John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ 2007.  ISBN 978-0-471-73426-0
  • Morgan, A. B.; Bundy, M. “Cone Calorimeter Analysis of UL-94 V Rated Plastics” Fire and Materials 2007, 31, 257-283.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Cogen, J. M.; Opperman, R. S.; Harris, J. D. “Magnesium Carbonate Based Flame Retardant Systems for Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) and Poly(ethylene-co-ethyl acrylate).” Fire and Materials. 2007, 31, 387-410.  
  • Gilman, J. W.; Harris, R. H.; Shields, J. R.; Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A. B. “A study of the flammability reduction mechanism of polystyrene-layered silicate nanocomposite:  layered silicate reinforced carbonaceous char” Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 263-271.  
  • Morgan, A. B. “Flame Retarded Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites:  A Review Of Commercial and Open Literature Systems. Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 206-217.  
  • Zhao, J.; Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. “Rheological Characterization of Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites to Compare the Degree of Exfoliation and Dispersion" Polymer 2005, 46, 8641-8660.
  • Morgan, A. B.; Chu, L-L.; Harris, J. D. “A flammability performance comparison between synthetic and natural clays in polystyrene nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2005, 29, 213-229.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. “Exfoliated Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites Synthesized by Solvent Blending with Sonication” Polymer 2004, 45, 8695-8703.
  • Chu, L. L.; Anderson, S. K.; Harris, J. D.; Beach, M. W.; Morgan, A. B. “Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) layered silicate nanocomposites prepared by melt compounding” Polymer 2004, 45, 4051-4061. 
  • Maupin, P. H.; Gilman, J. W.; Harris, R. H.; Bellayer, S.; Bur, A. J.; Roth, S. C.; Murariu, M.; Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. "Optical Probes for Monitoring Intercalation and Exfoliation in Melt Processed Polymer Nanocomposites" Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2004, 25, 788-792.
  • Gilman, J. W.; Bourbigot, S.; Shields, J. R.; Nyden, M. R.; Kashiwagi, T.; Davis, R. D.; VanderHart, D. L.; Demory, W.; Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J.; Lyon, R. E “High Throughput Methods for Polymer Nanocomposites Research: Extrusion, NMR Characterization and Flammability Property Screening” Journal of Materials Science 2003, 38, 4451-4460.
  • Awad, W. H.; Bourbigot, S.; Davis, R. D.; Gilman, J. W.; Morgan, A. B.; Vanderhart, D. L.; Wilkie, C. A. "Investigation of nanodispersion in polystyrene-montmorillonite nanocomposites by solid-state NMR" J Polym Sci Part B 2003, 41, 3188-3213. 
  • Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A. B.; Antonucci, J. M.; VanLandingham, M. R.; Harris, R. H.; Awad, W. H.; Shields, J. R. “Thermal and Flammability Properties of a Silica-Poly(methylmethacrylate) Nanocomposite” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2003, 89, 2072-2078.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. “Effects of organoclay Soxhlet extraction on mechanical properties, flammability properties and organoclay dispersion of polypropylene nanocomposites” Polymer 2003, 44, 2313-2320.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Harris, R. H.; Kashiwagi, T.; Chyall, L. J.; Gilman, J. W. “Flammability of Polystyrene Layered Silicate (Clay) Nanocomposites:  Carbonaceous Char Formation” Fire and Materials 2002, 26, 247-253.
  • Morgan, A. B.; Gilman, J. W. “Characterization of polymer-layered silicate (clay) nanocomposites by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction: A comparative study” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2002, 87, 1329.  
  • Gilman, J. W.; Awad, W. H.; Davis, R. D.; Shields, J.; Harris, R. H. Jr.; Davis, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Sutto, T. E.; Callahan, J.; Trulove, P. C.; DeLong, H. C. “Polymer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites from Thermally Stable Trialkylimidazolium-Treated Montmorillonite” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3776.  
  • Yao, H.; Zhu, J.; Morgan, A. B.; Wilkie, C. A. “Crown Ether-Modified Clays and Their Polystyrene Nanocomposites” Polymer Engineering and Science 2002, 42, 1808.
  • Zanetti, M.; Camino, G.; Canavese, D.; Morgan, A. B.; Lamelas, F. J.; Wilkie, C. A. “Fire Retardant Halogen-Antimony-Clay Synergism in Polypropylene Layered Silicate Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 189.
  • Zhu, J.; Uhl, F. M.; Morgan, A. B.; Wilkie, C. A. “Studies on the Mechanism by Which the Formation of Nanocomposites Enhances Thermal Stability” Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 4649.
  • Zhu, J.; Morgan, A. B.; Lamelas, F. J.; Wilkie, C. A. “Fire Properties Of Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 3774.
  • Morgan, A. B.; Gilman, J. W.; Jackson, C. L. “Characterization of the Dispersion of Clay in a Polyetherimide Nanocomposite.” Macromolecules 2001, 34, 2735.  
  • Gilman, J. W.; Jackson, C. L.; Morgan, A. B.; Harris, R. H.; Manias, E.; Giannelis, E. P.; Wuthenow, M.; Hilton, D.; Phillips, S. “Flammability Properties of Polymer Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites.  Polypropylene and Polystyrene Nanocomposites.” Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 1866.
  • Morgan, A. B.; Jurs, J. L.; Tour, J. M. “Boronic Acids:  Polymer Flame Retardant Additives” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2000, 76, 1257.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Tour, J. M. “Synthesis and Testing of Non-Halogenated Alkyne/Phosphorus-Containing Polymer Additives:  Potent Condensed Phase Flame Retardants.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1999, 73, 707-718.  
  • Morgan, A. B.; Tour, J. M. “Synthesis and Testing of Nonhalogenated Alkyne-Containing Flame Retarding Polymer Additives.” Macromolecules 1998, 31, 2857.

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