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Alexander B. Morgan, Ph.D. 

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Kettering Laboratories, Room 501B
300 College Park
Dayton, OH  45469-0170


937-229-3079
937-229-3433 (fax)

 

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Energy Technologies and Materials Divsion

 

Flame Retardant Research and Materials Fire Testing

 


 


Distinguished Research Scientist
Group Leader, Applied Combustion and Energy Group

 

Alex has over seventeen years of experience in the areas of materials flammability, polymeric material flame retardancy, fire science, fire testing, and fire safety engineering with an emphasis on chemical structure property relationships and fire safe material design.  He has helped academic, government, and industrial customers solve their flame retardant and fire safety needs in a wide range of applications.  Dr. Morgan is on the editorial review boards for two fire safety journals (Fire and Materials, Journal of Fire Science), and is a member of ASTM, Sigma Xi, and the American Chemical Society.

 

Education:

  • Ph.D., Chemistry, University of South Carolina, 1998
  • B.S., Chemistry, Virginia Military Institute, 1994

 

Dr. Morgan’s current research areas include:

  • New Flame Retardant Technology for Polyurethane Foam / Furniture
  • New Flame Retardant Technology with Reduced Environmental Impact
  • Fire Testing Method Development
  • Waste-To-Energy Pyrolysis and Combustion Science
  • Thermal Degradation and Stability Behavior of Materials. 

Dr. Morgan has a wide range of skills and experience including:

  • Extensive experience and expertise with relating real world regulations to commercial product design while considering product cost, balance of properties, and environmental impact.  
  • Extensive experience with project management, program budgets/budgeting, and leading technical work on commercialization projects as well as basic research programs.  
  • Extensive experience and expertise of halogenated and non-halogenated flame retardant systems in a wide range of polymers.  17 years of work in the flame retardant field with extensive contacts across the entire field of research.  
  • Experience and extensive knowledge on polymer nanocomposites, including synthetic knowledge, structure-property relationships, and characterization techniques.  13 years of work in this field with extensive contacts across the entire field.  Includes experience with clays, nanotubes, nanofibers, colloidal silicas and many other nanofillers.  Also includes extensive experience in nanofiller + polymer interface science.  
  • Experience and knowledge of organometallic and organic synthesis.  
  • Experience and knowledge of chemical and polymer characterization techniques, such as TEM (sample preparation and analysis), XRD, UV/Vis/NIR, FTIR, NMR, GC, GPC, TGA, and DSC.  
  • Extensive knowledge and strong expertise of polymer flammability and fire safety engineering of materials in multiple applications.  This includes experience and knowledge of regulatory and scientific flammability tests, such as UL-94, LOI, cone calorimeter, FAA PCFC (micro cone calorimeter), other ASTM, NFPA, IEC and Mil-STD tests.  Strong expertise with the cone calorimeter, including data analysis, experimental design, and correlation between tests.  
  • Strongly proficient with compounding of polymer additives, including use of thermoplastic polymer instruments, specifically blender mixing heads, twin screw extruders, compression molders, and injection molding machines.  Also have thermoset polymer experience and knowledge including composite fabrication.
  • Strongly proficient and experienced with writing research reports, original proposals, patent disclosures, research grant proposals, and scientific publications.  Over 100 total publications to date.

Selected Publications:

  

  •            Diallo, A. O.; Len, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Marlair, G. “Revisiting Phys.-Chem. Related Safety Issues of Ionic Liquids” Journal of Separation and Purification Technology 2012, 97, 228-234 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2012.02.016
  •            Benin, V.; Durganala, S.; Morgan, A. B. “Synthesis and Flame Retardant Testing of New Boronated and Phosphonated Aromatic Compounds” J. Mater. Chem. 2012, 22, 1180-1190. .
  •            Li, Y-C.; Mannen, S.; Yang, Y-H.; Morgan, A. B.; Grunlan, J. C. “Anti-Flammable Intumescent Nanocoatings on Fabric” Advanced Materials 2011, 23, 3926-3931. 
  •            “Use of Inorganic Materials to Enhance Thermal Stability and Flammability Behavior of a Polyimide” Morgan, A. B.; Putthanarat, S. Polym. Degrad. Stab. 2011, 96, 23-32. 
  •            Morgan, A. B. “The Use of Additives, Nanocomposites, and Barrier Coatings to Enhance Polymer Composite Durability” Chapter in “Long Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites”, Pochiraju, K.; Tandon, G.; Schoeppner, G. Eds. Springer Science, NY, 2011  ISBN 978-1-4419-9307-6
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Liu, W. “Flammability of Thermoplastic Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2011, 35, 43-60. 
  •            Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, 2nd Edition. Eds. Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan A. B.  December 2009 (2010 publishing date), Taylor and Francis. Boca Raton, FL ISBN 978-1-4200-8399-6.
  •            Chen, C.; Morgan, A. B. “Mild Processing and Characterization of Silica Epoxy Hybrid Nanocomposite” Polymer 2009, 50, 6265-6273. 
  •            Higginbotham, A.; Lomeda, J.; Morgan, A. B.; Tour J. T. “Graphite Oxide Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2009, 1, 2256-2261. 
  •            Hirschler, M. M.; Morgan, A. B. “Thermal Decomposition of Polymers” in “Society for Fire Protection Engineering Handbook” Eds. DiNenno, P. J.; Drysdale, D. D.; Beyler, C. L.; Walton, W. D.; Custer, R. L. P.; Hall, J. R.; Watts, J. M.  National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 2008, ISBN 978-0-87765-821-4. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Wolf, J. D.; Guliants, E. A.; Fernando, K. A. S.; Lewis, W. K. “Heat Release Measurements on Micron and Nano-scale Aluminum Powders” Thermochimica Acta 2009, 488, 1-9. 
  •            ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy.  Eds. Nelson, G. L.; Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan A. B.  2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328.  ISBN 978-0-8412-6988-0
  •            Morgan, A. B. “A Review of Transition Metal-Based Flame Retardants:  Transition Metal Oxide/Salts, and Complexes” in ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy.  Eds. Nelson, G. L.; Wilkie, C. A.; Morgan A. B.  2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Gagliardi, N. A.; Price, W. A.; Galaska, M. L. “Cone Calorimeter Testing of S2 Glass Reinforced Polymer Composites” Fire Mater. 2009, 33, 323-344. 
  •            Sukh, S.; Moshan, K.; Morgan, A.; Araceli, G.; Gomez-Rico, M F. “Use of Cone Calorimeter to Estimate Organic Pollutant Emissions from Outdoor Wood Burning Boilers” Organohalogen Compounds 2008, 70, 493-496. 
  •            Fox, D. M.; Gilman, J. W.; Morgan, A. B.; Shields, J. R.; Maupin, P. H.; Lyon, R. E.; De Long, H. C.; Trulove, P. C. “Flammability and Thermal Analysis Characterization of Imadazolium-Based Ionic Liquids” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2008, 47, 6327-6332. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Galaska, M. L. ”Microcombustion calorimetry as a tool for screening flame retardancy in epoxy” Polymers for Advanced Technology 2008, 19, 530-546. 
  •            “The Use of Nanotechnology for Fire Safety:  Current State of the Art, Possible Problems, and New Opportunities” Morgan, A. B. Nanotechnology Law and Business 2007, 4, issue 3 http://www.nanolabweb.com/ 
  •           “Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites” Edited by Alexander B. Morgan and Charles A. Wilkie.  Book published by John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ 2007.  ISBN 978-0-471-73426-0
  •           Morgan, A. B.; Bundy, M. “Cone Calorimeter Analysis of UL-94 V Rated Plastics” Fire and Materials 2007, 31, 257-283. 
  •           Morgan, A. B.; Cogen, J. M.; Opperman, R. S.; Harris, J. D. “Magnesium Carbonate Based Flame Retardant Systems for Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) and Poly(ethylene-co-ethyl acrylate).” Fire and Materials. 2007, 31, 387-410. 
  •            Gilman, J. W.; Harris, R. H.; Shields, J. R.; Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A. B. “A study of the flammability reduction mechanism of polystyrene-layered silicate nanocomposite:  layered silicate reinforced carbonaceous char” Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 263-271. 
  •            Morgan, A. B. “Flame Retarded Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites:  A Review Of Commercial and Open Literature Systems. Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 206-217. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Chu, L-L.; Harris, J. D. “A flammability performance comparison between synthetic and natural clays in polystyrene nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2005, 29, 213-229. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. “Exfoliated Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites Synthesized by Solvent Blending with Sonication” Polymer 2004, 45, 8695-8703.
  •            Chu, L. L.; Anderson, S. K.; Harris, J. D.; Beach, M. W.; Morgan, A. B. “Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) layered silicate nanocomposites prepared by melt compounding” Polymer 2004, 45, 4051-4061.
  •            Maupin, P. H.; Gilman, J. W.; Harris, R. H.; Bellayer, S.; Bur, A. J.; Roth, S. C.; Murariu, M.; Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. "Optical Probes for Monitoring Intercalation and Exfoliation in Melt Processed Polymer Nanocomposites" Macromol. Rapid Commun. 2004, 25, 788-792.
  •            Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A. B.; Antonucci, J. M.; VanLandingham, M. R.; Harris, R. H.; Awad, W. H.; Shields, J. R. “Thermal and Flammability Properties of a Silica-Poly(methylmethacrylate) Nanocomposite” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2003, 89, 2072-2078. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Harris, J. D. “Effects of organoclay Soxhlet extraction on mechanical properties, flammability properties and organoclay dispersion of polypropylene nanocomposites” Polymer 2003, 44, 2313-2320. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Gilman, J. W. “Characterization of polymer-layered silicate (clay) nanocomposites by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction: A comparative study” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2002, 87, 1329. 
  •            Gilman, J. W.; Awad, W. H.; Davis, R. D.; Shields, J.; Harris, R. H. Jr.; Davis, C.; Morgan, A. B.; Sutto, T. E.; Callahan, J.; Trulove, P. C.; DeLong, H. C. “Polymer/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites from Thermally Stable Trialkylimidazolium-Treated Montmorillonite” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 3776. 
  •            Zanetti, M.; Camino, G.; Canavese, D.; Morgan, A. B.; Lamelas, F. J.; Wilkie, C. A. “Fire Retardant Halogen-Antimony-Clay Synergism in Polypropylene Layered Silicate Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 189.
  •            Zhu, J.; Uhl, F. M.; Morgan, A. B.; Wilkie, C. A. “Studies on the Mechanism by Which the Formation of Nanocomposites Enhances Thermal Stability” Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 4649.
  •            Wilkie, C. A. “Fire Properties Of Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 3774.
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Gilman, J. W.; Jackson, C. L. “Characterization of the Dispersion of Clay in a Polyetherimide Nanocomposite.” Macromolecules 2001, 34, 2735. 
  •            Gilman, J. W.; Jackson, C. L.; Morgan, A. B.; Harris, R. H.; Manias, E.; Giannelis, E. P.; Wuthenow, M.; Hilton, D.; Phillips, S. “Flammability Properties of Polymer Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites.  Polypropylene and Polystyrene Nanocomposites.” Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 1866.
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Jurs, J. L.; Tour, J. M. “Boronic Acids:  Polymer Flame Retardant Additives” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2000, 76, 1257. 
  •            Morgan, A. B.; Tour, J. M. “Synthesis and Testing of Non-Halogenated Alkyne/Phosphorus-Containing Polymer Additives:  Potent Condensed Phase Flame Retardants.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1999, 73, 707-718.
  •      Morgan, A. B.; Tour, J. M. “Synthesis and Testing of Nonhalogenated Alkyne-Containing Flame Retarding Polymer Additives.” Macromolecules 1998, 31, 2857.

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